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Anthony Walker and dealing with racist murders

Posted By Sunny On 1st December, 2005 @ 3:01 pm In Race politics | Comments Disabled

Anthony WalkerWith Anthony Walker’s racist murderers imprisoned for a [1] long time to come, blanket media coverage today and tomorrow expected, some uncomfortable questions will be raised - do racist murders by Africans or Asians get less attention than those by white people?

Those with an axe to grind about these things simply type their names into Google and show how, for e.g. Stephen Lawrence gets millions of mentions compared to other racist murders. They conveniently ignore that the trial exposed serious insitutional racism in the police and led to the establishment of the McPherson enquiry.

Others point out to the relative lack of coverage given to racist murders of white people as an example of British liberal media (BBC, Guardian, Indy) bias, ignoring that the right-wing (Mail, Telegraph, Sun) are more than adequate in re-addressing this balance but choose not to.

Recent events haven’t helped. The judge in [2] Christopher Yates’ case foolishly decided it was not a racist murder despite the evidence. Then we had the three caught regarding Isiah Young-Sam’s murder during the Birmingham riots who got hardly any coverage.

[3] Neil Harding makes a good point about how people so inclined are using one or two examples (and silly Google comprisons) to play their victim card, despite stats that show [4] otherwise.

Is the media biased? To a certain degree maybe, but comparing racist murders without looking at what factors made the trial extensive or coverage-worthy is naive. Maybe the answer is to have similar sentencing for racist and ordinary killings. After all, a murder is a murder, no?


Comments Disabled To "Anthony Walker and dealing with racist murders"

#1 Comment By TottenhamLad On 1st December, 2005 @ 3:07 pm

Sunny Mate,

If you look at the Home Office figures for inter-racial murders from 2001 until 2004 blacks commited 132% more murders against ‘Whites’.

Who would believe that for every Black person killed by a ‘White’ person, that 2.32 ‘White’ people are killed by a black person.

#2 Comment By TottenhamLad On 1st December, 2005 @ 3:11 pm

PS Which of course proves that Blacks are more racist than Whites.

#3 Comment By Al-Hack On 1st December, 2005 @ 3:15 pm

That is just crime than evidence of racism.

#4 Comment By Siddharth On 1st December, 2005 @ 3:19 pm

Sunny: The last paragraph of your article leaves the question open-ended. Are you throwing that question out to the PP commentariat to maul amongst themselves? Not being in the media myself, I prefer to throw it back at you: Is the Media biased?
If so, does this media bias (if any) influence the judge in the Yates case to decide that the murder was not racist, when it clearly was?

#5 Comment By TottenhamLad On 1st December, 2005 @ 3:25 pm

Al-Hack:

That is just crime than evidence of racism.

Actually, no, it is evidence of racism.

See:
[5] http://tottenhamlad.blogspot.com/2005/11/racist-murders-who-are-bad-guys_29.html

#6 Comment By j0nz On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:13 pm

Not neccesairly evidence that more black people are racist than white people. Just means that black people are stastically more than twice as likely to kill somebody.

Quite shocking how the media has to bloody well distort EVERYTHING. Thank f**** for blogs. In 1995 3 times as many ‘asians’ were killled than ‘blacks but you’d never guess by the media.

#7 Comment By krazie On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:18 pm

Well i have to say that our Criminal Justice System has improved somewhat in the last ten years.

Also another victory on the anti-racist front:
[6] http://www.indymedia.org.uk/en/2005/11/328887.html

#8 Comment By Col. Mustafa On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:22 pm

If you look at the Home Office figures for inter-racial murders from 2001 until 2004 blacks commited 132% more murders against ‘Whites’.

Who would believe that for every Black person killed by a ‘White’ person, that 2.32 ‘White’ people are killed by a black person.

hmmm, i wonder why that is.
Im figuring the way they might of been treated in the first place added with the fact the environment in which they live in might have something to do with it.
Years of oppression kinda makes the average person hate for some wierd reason or another.

You look at the figures now, in this day and age, why not look at the causes of why many black male youth still live in the ghetto and murder for no reason other than the colour of someones skin.

Then look at why many white males back in the old days thought it was right for a black person to work for no pay.
Also why they thought it was ok to also kill them and still somehow confess that religion says its ok though.
There lower than us, we can do whatever we want.

“Which of course proves that Blacks are more racist than Whites.”

Yes of course Blacks are more racist, the figures say so.
They kill the white man, we only kill a few of them.
They hate us, we just dont like them very much thats all.

All problems have a beginning.

#9 Comment By Steve M On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:23 pm

TottenhamLad, you’ve made an interesting analysis. I’m not a mathematician but it does make interesting reading.

However, haven’t you taken as a given that the groups have the same overall rate of murder and assumed from this that the figures are evidence of racism?

Could they not also be evidence of criminality, as Al-Hack said?

For example, it’s possible that more black gang members carry guns and that the number of murders committed by blacks is greater as a proportion of the whole than their numbers would indicate. If this is the case, then your logic is flawed.

A higher rate of murder is clearly not a good thing but it’s not necessarily evidence of racism.

Why not take into account that the murder rates of different ethnic groups may vary compared to their relative population sizes and see what falls out of that calculation?

As I said, I’m not a mathematician - I’m a hi-fi designer - but as the saying goes: “there are lies, damn lies and …”

#10 Comment By krazie On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:26 pm

#11 Comment By Bikhair On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:29 pm

Pickled Pansies,

We dont have many racist murders in my country, anymore. While there are occasions where blacks and hispanics will go at it, it is usually tide to gangs and drugs, and not necessarily race.

There have been unfortunate incidents where this type of violence between blacks and hispanis has spilled into the high schools and socalled race riots ensued, but it was more or less a reflection of what was going on in the streets instigated by people from the outside.

There is a degree of weariness among blacks about hispanics because of immigration, but then again blacks will have problems with any group of people given enough time. Thats just who they are.

Still, in America, blacks still overwhelmingly kill blacks, whites kill whites, hispanics kill hispanics, men kill women, and babies are aborted.

You smelly Brits should take a lesson for your homies across the pond.

#12 Comment By Vikrant On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:38 pm

Bikhair dont get me started on Americans.

#13 Comment By Peter On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:41 pm

I got into a row about this a few days ago, because I think the evidence in the Yates case is not so clear of racist intent. The killers also attacked two black guys and one asian.

Whether a racist motive should really affect sentencing is an interesting point. But in the Walker case it seems that the crime deserves a particularly sentence

#14 Comment By Al-Hack On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:42 pm

You want the Brits to take lessons from America on gun crime? Hah! At least you bring light relief to a serious topic Bikhair.

#15 Comment By Al-Hack On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:46 pm

Mustafa is right to say that there are also sociological reasons (not to be taken as excuses) for why blacks are more likely to commit crimes than whites. Economic deprivation is a serious issue.

And look at what happened in New Orleans. All those lies about black people raping in the Super Dome, and shooting at the police, and supposedly “looting” while the white people were “taking” from the stores. Hell I’d be angry at such media bias too!

#16 Comment By Robert On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:50 pm

There is a degree of weariness among blacks about hispanics because of immigration, but then again blacks will have problems with any group of people given enough time. Thats just who they are.

Bikhair - there are two groups of people in the world: Those that constantly divide people into groups; and those that don’t…

I wonder whether you will ever reach a level of maturity where you can look at the causes of a problem, not the symptoms? In the meantime, thanks for boring us, again.

#17 Comment By Vikrant On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:50 pm

You want the Brits to take lessons from America on gun crime?

Lol yea, in Britain private arms are severely restricted but in US a shotgun costs only $7.99 buy one get one free!

#18 Comment By Siddhartha On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:51 pm

The killers also attacked two black guys and one asian.

Peter, those Pakistani guys attacked 2 black guys and that makes it unclear of racist intent? Stick around here long enough and you will be disabused of any such cloudy ideas of race and identity.

#19 Comment By Peter On 1st December, 2005 @ 4:55 pm

Siddahartha - it was the one asian that swung it, I do believe. The Court took the view that they were on the rampage and that anyone who got in their way was in trouble,.

#20 Comment By Siddhartha On 1st December, 2005 @ 5:01 pm

I don’t know the facts of this case, but I’m willing to wager that the Asian was not of Pakistani stock, which, I know, I know, is throwing in an element of sectarianism to the mix. Yes, I’m speculating but I have a gut feeling that the murder was racist.

#21 Comment By Inders On 1st December, 2005 @ 5:02 pm

Hang on… Blacks are more then 132 percent likely to kill a white person then a white person kill a black person. But there are more white people then black people. For all things to be equaly they’d have to be an equal chance of of killing white and black PER POPULATION. So a non racist killer would kill 82 white people in every hundred killed as thats the approx percentage of people and kill about 6 black people. And thats a non racist killer, so if you actualy look at it, whites are serverely underrepresented in instances of ‘Black murder’ and I demand that this be addressed ASAP.

#22 Comment By Sunny On 1st December, 2005 @ 5:05 pm

A quick point before I have to head off.

I don’t think the media bias is as much from the liberal media (something the right will cry about for as long as they live), but from our own communities.

Implying we are racist is a big no-no not only for the ethnic media itself, who prefer to brush things under the carpet, but also for the old-guard of anti-racist campaigners.

So if anyone at the BBC wants to ask an Asian or Black anti-racist campaigner about racism from their own communities, those people will play it down and claim insitutional bias. That is why much of the media tries to tip-toe around that.

I’ve only known a few like Yasmin Alibhai Brown and Darcus Howe and BBC’s Barnie Choudhary to openly talk about our own racism.
We need a new generation of anti-racist people who don’t have that “us and them” mentality and are willing to condemn it whereever they see it.

#23 Comment By Siddhartha On 1st December, 2005 @ 5:10 pm

Sunny, I agree with you fully there. But in the Yates murder case, the judge played down the racist element - not the anti-racist people of the community.

#24 Comment By Rohin On 1st December, 2005 @ 5:16 pm

Bikhair, as I have said before, you are PURE comedy gold.

Lest we forget, America imposes the death penalty and we ’smelly Brits’ do not. The reason I bring this up is that if you are black, you are more likely to ride the lightning. An [8] INSTITUTIONALLY RACIST judicial system. And you have the nerve to get on your high horse about America. If you’d've said something about America making better cars or movies, having lower taxes or better hospitals…sure I’d agree. But less racism? Are you NUTS? Hang on - we’ve already established you are. And you also admitted to being a racist and once again you begin your fucking bullshit against black people in this post. You’re a disgrace to humankind and a disgrace to the religion you purport to follow.

Why don’t you say what you really want? That you wish your wonderfully non-racist country was still LYNCHING black people? You still banned black people from using the same seats or drinking fountains as whites as recently as the 60s. American law said this until not so long ago:

“interrracial sex was deviant and dangerous and [the law] viewed the sexuality of non-whites in opposition to white middle class sexual practices and family values”

Seeing as you’re an Arab, here’s a reality check. To them, you’re a rag-head camel jockey. But to Arabs, Americans are Lord and Master.

Rodney King.
The KKK.
Hurricane Katrina.
James Byrd Jnr.
[9] A racist health system.
There’s so much more. But I feel I’m hitting my head against a brick wall if you think America is less racist than the UK.

You’re a joke.

#25 Comment By Siddhartha On 1st December, 2005 @ 5:19 pm

Seeing as you’re an Arab, here’s a reality check. To them, you’re a rag-head camel jockey. But to Arabs, Americans are Lord and Master.

Ain’t that the truth, Ruth.

#26 Comment By Vikrant On 1st December, 2005 @ 5:21 pm

Well i havent seen media coverage Kriss Donald murder in Glasgow. Havent those murderers been recently extradited from Pakistan?

#27 Comment By Peter On 1st December, 2005 @ 5:28 pm

Siddharta

On the asian victim, I had the same thought. but the BBC report says nothing

[10] http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4416988.stm

#28 Comment By BevanKieran On 1st December, 2005 @ 5:45 pm

Normalisation folks! Normalise for the varying percentage of criminals within each ethnic group. Normalise for the fact that not all murders between races are racist (e.g the murder of the chohan family where greed was the overriding factor) . Normalise for interracial marriages, as a high percentage of murder happen within families.(where the spouse is the killer, then if there unequal ratio of husbands/wife involved from an ethnic minority, then that will influence stats) .
Normalise for increased probability (guess) of racist murders in ghetto (high percenage of one single ethnicity) areas.

However the stats are twisted there are racist murders in all directions. I would favour a self-imposed blanket ban on reporting of racist murders. Although I think its a shame that the murders of Ross Parker and Kris Donald have been neglected by the mainstream press and taken up by the nutty right-wing. Also, organisations such as IRR do no good in neglecting the murder of Anthony Yates in their list of racist murders. ( which include murders which were not officially defined as racist at court)

#29 Comment By j0nz On 1st December, 2005 @ 5:56 pm

I blame the parents

#30 Comment By El Cid On 1st December, 2005 @ 6:14 pm

1) Sunny: I believe there IS an element of institutionalised liberal middle class bias in the media and I’m left wing, not right wing. But let’s leave that discussion for another day. You’re clearly a force for good.
2) Col Mustapha: Murder is murder. Hate is hate. I don’t think past wrongs justify new wrongs in the present. In any case history is too often simplified to justify and reinforce a ‘them and us’ mentality. For example, Europeans may have perfected the slave trade but they didn’t invent it. The Arabs preached brotherhood but they also flourished as slave traders, both before the Europeans came and long after it was abolished here. Sub-saharan Africans also practised slavery for millenia while ancient Egypt, like Rome, was founded on it.
Then there’s the caste system…
3) TottenhamLad: I think your numbers are badly skew-whiff, as Al-Hack and Inders have already pointed out. There are also a high indidence of black-on-black shootings (hence Operation Trident).
However, I will tell you an anecdote that will highlight how criminality and racism can sometimes overlap. I once had a school friend who was a bully and a criminal from an early age (he went to jail, etc). No, he wasn’t a friend friend.
Anyway, I remember inadvertently overhearing a conversation he had one winter evening with an accomplice. I didn’t know what was happening but I knew SOMETHING was happening. So I stood there in the shadows.
“C’mon lets do it”
“No way. Not her.”
“What’s the problem?”
“She could be like your mum! Not her.”
At that point I realised they were talking about robbing someone, I looked to where they were focused and I saw 50-60 year-old black lady walking up the road. I was filled with disgust on two counts — that they were about to rob an old lady and that they were racially profiling their victims.
4) Who is this Bikhair person????? Is he/she some Appalachian redneck windup merchant?

#31 Comment By Rohin On 1st December, 2005 @ 6:33 pm

Bikhair is a holier-than-thou Islamist nutjob aka a troll. I should’ve known better than to bother responding, but I leave it there for posterity. From now on, best bet for us all is to ignore her.

#32 Comment By Col. Mustafa On 1st December, 2005 @ 6:51 pm

“Col Mustapha: Murder is murder. Hate is hate. I don’t think past wrongs justify new wrongs in the present. In any case history is too often simplified to justify and reinforce a ‘them and us’ mentality. For example, Europeans may have perfected the slave trade but they didn’t invent it. The Arabs preached brotherhood but they also flourished as slave traders, both before the Europeans came and long after it was abolished here. Sub-saharan Africans also practised slavery for millenia while ancient Egypt, like Rome, was founded on it.
Then there’s the caste system…”

hehe, i know that but ancient egyptians using nubians, Hittites as slaves doesn’t have anything to do with the state of alot of the black youth mentality today.

You could of applied that to the many Hittite slaves that rebelled against the egyptians and eventually overran abit of thier land.
And no contrary to popular belief Ancient Egypt was not founded on slavery.

I wasn’t blaming the past for the murders committed today, i was just answering tottenhams post saying that blacks are infact more racist than whites.
I just thought that he should take certain things into account rather than look at some stats and spew out some garbage like that.

#33 Comment By pecan On 1st December, 2005 @ 7:16 pm

im glad Anthony Walkers family received justice, the Killers were jailed for 24, and 18 years respectively.
i think they shoulda got life as in “full life”, as all murderers should!!!

#34 Comment By Soniyeh On 1st December, 2005 @ 7:31 pm

I have noticed it…. interesting to see how the media failed to pick up on those two Asian guys who stamped on a white guy’s head.
(Excuse? - ‘teaching Englishmen to meddle in Paki business’.) Yeah, they did that all right. Why wasnt this publicised as well as the Anthony Walker case? If the media are going to report on things like this, why isn’t there balanced coverage?

#35 Comment By TottenhamLad On 1st December, 2005 @ 7:43 pm

Inders + El Cid + others:

Are my figures wrong?

At least be brave enough to see my whole argument on my blog.

I’ve been trying to find a hole in my logic and would admit I was wrong if you could point out exactly where the error lies.

See:

[11] http://tottenhamlad.blogspot.com/2005/11/racist-murders-who-are-bad-guys_29.html

#36 Comment By TottenhamLad On 1st December, 2005 @ 7:46 pm

or just [12] http://tottenhamlad.blogspot.com if the above does not work…

#37 Comment By Col. Mustafa On 1st December, 2005 @ 8:12 pm

When it comes to the stephen yates case, its kind of obvious that they were racist.
It doesn’t matter whether they were on a rampage or whateva, they probably only started on the dude cos he was white.
I know loads of asians and blacks that are like them, there basically ignorant to facts around them.
Some know the facts and still ignore, some dont anything but still love assuming the worst of whites or non muslims in thier case.

I dont know why the judge thought that it wasn’t a racist murder, but probably because he/she didn’t wanna make it a racist issue to be discussed on the likes of Newsnight.

I understand that alot of these murders don’t get as much coverage as a black man, or asian man getting attacked or murdered, but i think were missing the point here.
As long as the murderers, rapists, whateva actually get brought to justice, then its abit more comforting for whomever lost thier loved one.
However in many cases coverage helps to bring about the killer, but i would expect with enough noise from the victims family it would eventually be picked up.

#38 Comment By Geezer On 1st December, 2005 @ 8:25 pm

Peter the waiter they assaulted in the “Ali curry house” was a Pakistani man who had been in the country for a few years. They mocked his accent at which point he protested resulting in the assault which had him admitted to hospital.

I have quote a few friends in the Ilford area who knew the family of the guy they attacked before they killed Mr Yates.

#39 Comment By Soniyeh On 1st December, 2005 @ 8:41 pm

Bastards. Is it true that they get less time because the judge didnt find it to be a ‘racially motivated attack’?

#40 Comment By Col. Mustafa On 1st December, 2005 @ 8:54 pm

I forgot to mention but wasn’t there a time not too long ago when the problems, murders, issues surrounding ethnic minorities was under represented.
And only represented when people from ethnic minorities comnitted the crimes.
I have a feeling that has also alot to do with the mass media attention that ethnic minority murders and attacks get now in this day and age.

Yep they thought it wasn’t a racially motivated attack.

Gezzer: these boys from UEL attacked a pakistani waiter as well?

#41 Comment By Bikhair On 1st December, 2005 @ 11:38 pm

Rohin,

Didnt I mention in one of my post that I had a Haitian uncle, and you still think I am an Arab? I guess the reason why I merely eluded to my ethnicity was because for one reason or another, I considered it an afront to my modesty.

Rohin, I think you have a thing against Arabs similar to the feelings you think I have against blacks. I know and understand black people. I have lived with them all my life. I will not sit here and make excuses for thier lack of moral or social clarity. Perhaps you would, you paternalistic liberal wind bag.

“Why don’t you say what you really want? That you wish your wonderfully non-racist country was still LYNCHING black people?”

…for commiting zina, sure. Then I wouldnt have to take care of their illigetimate children via welfare or social security. I think American blacks have single handly convinced me that having children out of wedlock should be criminalized. Larger federal government please!

Rohin I didnt mean to make you so angry. :(

#42 Comment By Bikhair On 1st December, 2005 @ 11:39 pm

Vikrant,

“Lol yea, in Britain private arms are severely restricted but in US a shotgun costs only $7.99 buy one get one free!”

Whats wrong with that? Do you complain about drugs being sold even cheaper than that in Holland?

#43 Comment By Sunny On 2nd December, 2005 @ 12:19 am

Lol, Bikhair is funny, but I wouldn’t say she is an Islamist troll. She has her morals and values completely on a different planet, but thats her. Less of the hating please. She’s just, errm, naive.

#44 Comment By salman On 2nd December, 2005 @ 12:42 am

Racism is healthy in the UK and most other western countries and will continue to be so until people realise that a correct basis for a national idenity needs to be adopted. As long as this country promotes nationalistic values which are built upon its historical roots of tribal affiliation and anglo-saxon supremecy, racism will plague society. It is institutionalized and cannot be dealt with through legislation. A fundamental debate regarding both human values and national identity needs to occur which is prepared to shake fundamental loyalties

#45 Comment By Eric On 2nd December, 2005 @ 1:49 am

Siddhartha ,

You have made some excellent points here.

#46 Comment By inders On 2nd December, 2005 @ 8:46 am

Tottenham Lad,

Could this account for it ?

Plus why no Black/Asian tables ?

#47 Comment By El Cid On 2nd December, 2005 @ 9:16 am

Sunny: I see very little difference between Bikhair’s position and Tottenhamlad’s. Are they both just, errm, naive? Or is there a subtle difference here that I haven’t picked up? Or maybe it’s because she’s a woman, a moslem, you sense something that you recognise from your childhood, or because of the earnest way she argues her position. Smacks of an institutionalised liberal bias to me (*adopts smug look*).
Tottenhamlad: I briefly looked at your blog but didn’t delve very deep because I quickly got the impression that you had an unhealthy, stalker-like obsession with issues of race. So I’m not going to address anything you said, coz it hasn’t registered. The key thing to understand here, in terms of the difference between me and you, is that I don’t start — at last I try not to start — from a position of prejudice. For me, we are all equal, whether under God or not. And genetics prove it. You clearly think differently, and that seems to be your overriding moral code. How do you expect to be treated seriously if that is the case? It’s like arguing that the earth is flat or denying that we evolved from monkeys.

#48 Comment By Siddharth On 2nd December, 2005 @ 10:59 am

Eric:
The Yates murder was so obviously racist, one wonders what the Authorities were thinking when they decided that this was not a racist murder. Do they think that they are protecting minorities by not inflaming public opinion by refusing to call a murder committed by Asians a racist murder? Do they think they will do the BNP’s work for them doing that?

I just want to know their whats behind this, because its bound to ultimately harm all communities.

#49 Comment By Vladimir On 2nd December, 2005 @ 11:20 am

Rohin I shall repeat the famous words of Michael Winner for you ” Calm down dear, its a commercial”

#50 Comment By Siddharth On 2nd December, 2005 @ 5:52 pm

Is it just me or does anyone else here think the sentences given to Barton and Taylor were derisively low. I mean 17 years for murder? The guy will be out by his early 30s for killing a man. Sheeeeeeeit.

#51 Comment By El Cid On 2nd December, 2005 @ 7:33 pm

It’s a minimum sentence I believe.
It compares with the 15 years minimum the three Yates killers got.
Seems to me to be in the same ballpark, although I have rarely understood sentencing criteria in the UK, in the same way that I sometimes struggle to understand the rules of rugby.

#52 Comment By Sunny On 2nd December, 2005 @ 7:44 pm

Well I’m sure after 17 years they’ll realise that killing another person has grave consequences. Or atleast that’s what I would hope.


Article printed from Pickled Politics: http://www.pickledpolitics.com

URL to article: http://www.pickledpolitics.com/archives/182

URLs in this post:
[1] long time: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/merseyside/4487208.stm
[2] Christopher Yates’: http://www.pickledpolitics.com/archives/165
[3] Neil Harding: http://brightonregencylabourparty.blogspot.com/2005/11/longer-sentencing-for-crimes-that.html
[4] otherwise: http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=267
[5] http://tottenhamlad.blogspot.com/2005/11/racist-murders-who-are-bad-guys_29.html: http://tottenhamlad.blogspot.com/2005/11/racist-murders-who-are-bad-guys_29.html
[6] http://www.indymedia.org.uk/en/2005/11/328887.html: http://www.indymedia.org.uk/en/2005/11/328887.html
[7] http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs05/rdsolr3305.pdf: http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs05/rdsolr3305.pdf
[8] INSTITUTIONALLY RACIST: http://www.amnesty.org.uk/news/press/14480.shtml
[9] A racist health system: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/health/july-dec05/unequal_8-18.html
[10] http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4416988.stm: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4416988.stm
[11] http://tottenhamlad.blogspot.com/2005/11/racist-murders-who-are-bad-guys_29.html: http://tottenhamlad.blogspot.com/2005/11/racist-murders-who-are-bad-guys_29.html
[12] http://tottenhamlad.blogspot.com: http://tottenhamlad.blogspot.com